Presbyopia is a common type of vision disorder that occurs as you age. Presbyopia results in the inability to focus up close, a problem associated with refraction in the eye.
Can I have presbyopia and another type of refractive error at the same time?
Yes. It is common to have presbyopia and another type of refractive error at the same time. There are several other types of refractive errors: myopia (nearsightedness), hyperopia (farsightedness), and astigmatism.
How does presbyopia occur?
Presbyopia happens naturally in people as they age. The eye is not able to focus light directly on to the retina due to the hardening of the natural lens. Aging also affects muscle fibers around the lens making it harder for the eye to focus on up close objects. The ineffective lens causes light to focus behind the retina, causing poor vision for objects that are up close.
Who is at risk for presbyopia?
Anyone over the age of 40is at risk for developing presbyopia. Everyone experiences some loss of focusing power for near objects .
What are the signs and symptoms of presbyopia?
- Hard time reading small print
- Having to hold reading material farther than arm’s distance
- Problems seeing objects that are close to you
If you experience any of these symptoms you may want to visit an eye care professional for a comprehensive dilated eye examination. If you wear glasses or contact lenses and still have these issues, a new prescription might be needed.
How is presbyopia diagnosed?
Presbyopia can be found during a comprehensive dilated eye exam. If you notice any changes in your vision, you should visit an eye care professional. Exams are recommended more often after the age 40 to check for age-related conditions.
How is presbyopia corrected?
Eyeglasses are the simplest and safest means of correcting presbyopia.